Tanzania Rural Leadership Survey

The Lost Data Project

In 1965, Miller surveyed 431 villagers in leadership roles in three different regions of Tanzania. Miller distributed a questionnaire with more than 100 questions about economic status, social views, and political knowledge. Responses were collected with the help of a translator. This data was never fully analyzed, as the original IBM data cards were damaged in a flood. They were recently recovered through the efforts of a computer museum in California, and are available herein for further study.

In 2005, Miller’s daughter Amy Miller Eberhardt returned to the villages where the original Leadership Survey of 1965 was conducted. Her aim was to conduct a timeline depth survey, using information based on the 1965 Leadership Survey. The overall objective was to compare and contrast the state of affairs with respect to socio-cultural, political, and economic processes and attitudes at the grassroots level.

Welcome Letter (1965 Survey)

This welcome letter serves as a table of contents and guide to this database.


Paper: The Relationship between Witchcraft and Religion in Tanzania (1965) – Wheelan

Katrina Wheelan’s preliminary analysis explains the relationship between belief in witchcraft and several factors including age, location, economic status, economic mobility, leadership role, years of education, literacy, and religion. The central thesis is that religion is the most important factor in determining belief in witchcraft. Below is a sample of how the database can be used:

Leadership Survey Analysis (PDF)

 Raw Data Sets

 2005 Followup Survey Data